Tuesday, May 8, 2012

How many metrics are there that we need to analyse?

Here is the data from my lab. There are 58,406 metrics! vCenter Ops generated 7106 metrics.

You might ask… how big is my lab? J
It’s a small lab. It has multiple vCenters as we’re doing different demo. Only 156 VM and 10 ESXi, with around 20-30 VMs are powered off

So hopefully that helps convince that you need analytics. There are just too many objects and metrics to analyse.
This is also where super metric will come in handy.

Sunday, May 6, 2012

Detecting existing partition

I was creating a new datastore on a local drive. This is actually 3 physical disks (100 GB SSD). I used HP local RAID controller to create 1 logical drive. Apparently, that did not destroy the existing file system within each disk, as it was detected by ESXi.

So it asked me if I want to just use the free space, or took existing partitions. I chose all available partitions as shown below.

 

Saturday, May 5, 2012

SRM 5.0.1 installation guide

Pre-requisite:

-          The SRM database is created. Recommend that it is a separate VM so it’s easier to patch, upgrade, etc.

-          The SQL DSN is created on the SRM server.

-          The Windows VM are already registered to domain.

-          You have created an ID. Suggest you call it VMware SRM so you know it’s from SRM.

-          You have an email address of the SRM admin.

-          The vCenter are already linked-mode. This is not mandatory, but it makes life easier.

 

Launch the installer.

 

You can specify other directory or drive. I’d recommend putting apps on the D:\ drive.

 

Provide an ID to access vCenter. This is not the same ID used to trigger the DR, although it might be a good idea so we don’t have too many ID.

 

Name the site. Notice it has to be unique.

 

Select the DSN that you hav pre-configured earlier.

 

Notice it has to be native client. Download the native client from microsoft. Just google it J

 

Here is the sample setup

 

This is the last screen, prior to installation.

 

In my case, it took a few minutes only.

 

And this is what you get.

 

Once installed, close the VM (logoff). SRM is headless and you manage via admin client.

Do the same thing for the DR site.

 

Exit the vCenter client if it’s on. Launch it again, and connect to the vCenter. You will see the plug-in already registered. Install it.

 

That’s it. The next step is configuration, which is where the real fun begin.

 

 

Host Profile example

I used host profile to help create consistent host configuration. Below is an example of what changes done on a new host.

Please note that the host has to be on maintenance mode. That means any VMs must be shutdown.

Sunday, April 29, 2012

vCenter 5 refuses to start because duplicate datastore

Please take note that you must do this only with proper guidance from VMware Support. What I did below is not supported and is not recommended.

Plus, I got my vCenter DB corrupted as a result along the way, and I had to spend more time than I thought I would. So you have been warned.

 

vCenter service will not start. The error at vpxd is duplicate name for the datastore named Templates. I’ve manually unmounted the Templates datastore from each ESXi, but still got the same error. So my guess is vCenter database is somehow corrupted.

Below is the log.

------------------

2012-04-28T18:16:26.458+08:00 [02520 info 'Default'] [Vpxd::ServerApp::Init:898] Calling: VpxdMoHost::Init()

2012-04-28T18:16:26.458+08:00 [02520 info 'Default'] [Vpxd::ServerApp::Init:899] Calling: VpxdDatastore::Init(gDB)

2012-04-28T18:16:26.458+08:00 [02520 error 'Default'] Duplicate name (Templates) in datastore folder

2012-04-28T18:16:26.458+08:00 [02520 error 'Default'] [Vpxd::ServerApp::Init] Init failed: VpxdDatastore::Init(gDB)

2012-04-28T18:16:26.458+08:00 [02520 warning 'VpxProfiler'] ServerApp::Init [TotalTime] took 2078 ms

2012-04-28T18:16:26.474+08:00 [02520 error 'Default'] Failed to intialize VMware VirtualCenter. Shutting down...

2012-04-28T18:16:26.474+08:00 [02520 info 'Default'] Wrote uptime information

2012-04-28T18:16:36.381+08:00 [02536 warning 'VpxProfiler' opID=SWI-46e11f30] VpxUtil_InvokeWithOpId [TotalTime] took 12000 ms

2012-04-28T18:16:48.382+08:00 [02536 warning 'VpxProfiler' opID=SWI-7871f574] VpxUtil_InvokeWithOpId [TotalTime] took 12000 ms

2012-04-28T18:17:00.383+08:00 [02536 warning 'VpxProfiler' opID=SWI-ef0a9776] VpxUtil_InvokeWithOpId [TotalTime] took 12000 ms

2012-04-28T18:17:12.376+08:00 [02536 warning 'VpxProfiler' opID=SWI-ff16e089] VpxUtil_InvokeWithOpId [TotalTime] took 12000 ms

2012-04-28T18:17:24.358+08:00 [02536 warning 'VpxProfiler' opID=SWI-dccf3641] VpxUtil_InvokeWithOpId [TotalTime] took 12000 ms

2012-04-28T18:17:24.702+08:00 [02520 info 'Default'] Forcing shutdown of VMware VirtualCenter now

 

With the help of some kind experts, I connected to the database.

Below are some steps I used to recover. Please note that the actual recovery experience was not as smooth as this one. I’m just documenting the key steps here.

 

 

 

 

So I go to the DS_Assignment table and delete them first.

 

A warning as it is not undoable.

 

The deletion went successfully.

So I went back to the VPX_Datastore table and deleted the duplicate entry.

And my VC is up J

 

 

 

Saturday, April 28, 2012

How to setup an integrated software token for View iPad client

If you setup the embedded RSA software token, you only need to enter the PIN. The embedded token will generate the passcode for you. So you no longer need to copy paste. This increases usability from user point of view, and make the login process smoother.

 

First, you need to download from EMC RSA, the TokenConverter program. You can download it freely from EMC, but you need to register first.

Here is the download page: http://www.emc.com/security/rsa-securid/rsa-securid-software-authenticators/iphone-and-ipad.htm

From there, click on the link: http://rsa.com/poc2/rsa-form-holder-swdl-eula.htm?asset_title=Web_Toolbar_Token_Converter_Ongoing&asset_id=sw_download_eula&asset_url=http://www.rsa.com/Web_Toolbar_Token_Converter_Ongoing

After registration, here is the software you need to download.

 

In the example below, I’ve downloaded and unzip the software into a directory. I also saved my token file (*.sdtid file), given my IT department, in the same directory.

 

The command to execute is below. The tokenfile.txt is the output file, you can name it whatever you want. It will only consist of the “URL”, which you then copy to your iPad.

I specified –p 8029 as that IT sets a password to my token file.

 

The output file tokenfile.txt looks something like this: com.rsa.securid://ctf?ctfData=200012288888861073511117714535255644265676670025047324406172127616014406111174444

Don’t copy the above, as I’ve changed the numbers J

 

Launch your View client in iPad.

In the External Token, fill the 3 fields below.

Token Description is just plain text. I called mine “iwan”. This is only useful if you have multiple token.

In the URL, paste that long ctf string that you get in your output file.

If your IT specified a password when giving you the token file, you must key in here. So in my case, I keyed in 8029 again.

 

Here is what it looks like after I installed it. I

 

And here is the result as a user. Notice I just need to key in the PIN. The code is automatically generated. So I no longer have to do the following:

1.      Press the home button in iPad.

2.      Find the RSA apps, and manually launch the RSA app

3.      Key in the PIN in RSA

4.      Copy the code

5.      Switch to the View client app.

6.      Paste the code

 

So 5 steps were eliminated and it becomes an integrated process. No more dealing with 2 apps J

 

 

Tuesday, April 24, 2012

How to setup Initiators in NetApp

As Initiator is related LUN, you set it up under the LUNs tree. Choose the tab Initiator Groups.

Click the Create button.

This brings up the Create Initiator Group dialog box. In this box, I’ve specified the name, and choose the OS.

Notice you must choose the type, as naturally the initiator value is different.

 

And in this tab you specify the members. I’ve only 1 ESX so I’ve added that below.

 

Once the initiator group is created, you can use it to map to the LUN.

So select a LUN, then click edit to add the initiator group. In this case, I’ve precreated 2 groups, so both appears here.

Be careful in setting the LUN ID. It must be unique, so plan in advance if you have many LUNs and many ESXi

 

That’s basically it. Do a rescan and it will appear on the ESX. Below is what I got after I did the rescan.

 

 

How to create LUN in NetApp

To create a LUN in NetApp, select LUNs from the tree to bring up the LUN screen.

Click on Create button, as shown on the screen below.  The LUN Wizard dialog box will appear.

Click Next.

 

The next screen is to type the LUN name and size. Make sure you choose VMware from the Type drop down field, as the default is not VMware. I chose thin provisioned here. Not sure what the impact as the Volume is already thin provisioned and dedupe. Notice dedupe is not done at LUN level, but volume level.

 

A LUN must be placed in a volume. Since I’ve created the volume earlier, I’d choose an existing volume. Clicking the browse button will bring up the volume tree.

 

The next screen is to map the LUN to ESX (initiators, specifically). I will cover the initiator creation on separate entry.

 

That’s basically it. This is the summary screen before it begins the creation.

 

And here is the result. It takes a few seconds to create the LUN.

 

That’s it.

 

Saturday, April 21, 2012

How to create a new aggregate in NetApp

Here is the steps to create a new aggregate in NetApp. You need to create at least 1 aggregate as you should not use the aggr0 as that’s where the root volume is.

First, go to the Aggregates list. From there, click the Create button.

The dialog box will appear, starting the wizard.

 

Give it a name. Since I’m only going to have 1 aggregate that combines all the volumes, I’ve given it the name below. I think using different aggregate will result in a waste (capacity and IOPS) as 1 physical spindle can not be shared among aggregate. So if Aggregate1 has 200 spindles, and Aggregate2 has 20 spindles, and Aggregate2 cannot cope with the IOPS, it cannot use the spindles in Aggregate1.

 

I only have 1 disk group, which was created earlier.

 

Clicking the Next button give me the screen below. I need to choose the disks, so I will click Select Disks.

 

From here, I chose 20 disks. I’m setting aside 1 disk as spare. It is automatically chosen. I don’t have to specify which one is spare.

 

From the 20 spindles, I chose to create RAID (8+2), so I specified 10. It automatically creates the 2 RAID group.

 

This is the last screen.

 

The process below takes only a few minutes. In fact, I think it’s less than 1 minute as it’s pretty fast!

 

This is the result.

 

And this is the result. Notice it even tells me which physical spindles it uses for parity.

 

And here is the volumes subtab looks like. I’ve created 6 volumes here.

 

Hope that helps.

 

 

Friday, April 20, 2012

How to create a volume on NetApp

From the Volumes list, click on the Create button.

The “Create Volume” dialog box will pop up, as shown below.

The name cannot include space or other special characters, except underscore.

You much choose the protocol type at this level. So this requires some planning.

Normally, I’d dedicate 20% of space for snapshot. I like this feature that the usable disk space is automatically reduced, as that means I don’t have to worry about the snapshot taking up space beyond the allocated volume.

 

 

The “Storage Efficiency” tab lets you do the dedupe and compression. Since my case is a demo lab, so I’ve turned on all features. Yes, the lab is live, but then that’s how we learn right J